Development and Utilization Status of Mushroom and Other Edible Fungi Functional Food


1. Foreword
 
Edible fungi are rich in dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals and other nutrients. Some of these varieties containing medicinal ingredients were used as medicines in ancient times. For example: China's Polyporus cocos, Poria cocos, Cordyceps sinensis, Ganoderma lucidum, Tremella and other edible fungi are rare Chinese herbal medicines. It is said that the elixir of life sought by Qin Shihuang during his southern tour 2,000 years ago was actually Ganoderma lucidum.
 
Mushrooms and other edible fungi, which are very familiar to us, have actually been used as medicinal materials for a long time. It is written in ancient Chinese books that "shiitake mushrooms have the functions of supplementing qi, resisting hunger, curing wind and cold, breaking blood" and so on. Japan also has a history of edible fungi being used as medicine. Around the 1st century AD, Greek doctors recorded the efficacy of edible fungi, which affected many European countries as a health product.
 
In modern times, edible fungi are widely used as medicinal materials and health food. If you go to a Chinese medicine store, you can see polyporia and poria. At present, there are about ten kinds of fresh edible fungi that can be seen in supermarkets in Japan. In addition, the dehydrated edible fungi that can be seen often include Lentinus edodes, Ganoderma lucidum, Agaricus blazei, Pleurotus japonicus, Hericium erinaceus, Mushroom, Hydrangea, etc.
 
Western medicine has been part of the edible fungus as a prescription drug for the treatment of cancer. For example: the polysaccharide of Coriolus versicolor, Schizophyllum commune as raw material of Schizophyllum commune, and Lentinus edodes polysaccharide as raw material production.
 
In short, many Japanese people know that proper consumption of mushrooms and other edible mushrooms in daily life is helpful to their health.
 
2. edible mushroom ingredients beneficial to the body
 
1, promote bone health
 
Vitamin D is less in vegetables, but it is a unique component of edible fungi. In particular, the content of shiitake mushrooms is very high, and it is even regarded by the Japanese as the main food for vitamin D intake. It is often reported and also appears in cooking programs. Vitamin D is an indispensable vitamin for calcium absorption, which is beneficial to bone development. It is well known that bone density, which represents the degree of bone health, begins to decline after the age of 30. When it falls to a certain level, the bones become crisp and easy to break, and they are prone to "osteoporosis". Therefore, after the age in order to improve bone quality, prevent bone crisp, mushrooms and other edible fungi as a healthy food by everyone's attention. Dried mushrooms and fresh mushrooms compared to the vitamin D content is 9 times. This is mainly because dried mushrooms contain ergosterol, which can be converted into vitamin D.
 
2, clean the body, slimming beauty
 
The Japanese do not pay much attention to the food fiber has the effect of reducing plasma excess cholesterol. The cell wall composed of edible fungus polysaccharides is a very good food fiber. Many people think that carrots and cabbage contain a lot of dietary fiber, but in the same weight comparison, the content of mushrooms is twice as much. After dietary fiber intake of the human body, it can promote the increase in the number of bacteria that help gastrointestinal peristalsis, adjust the intra-abdominal condition, accelerate the intake of nutrients, and excrete excess fat with stool. In addition, regular consumption of shiitake mushrooms can also prevent constipation, prevent acne and dry skin.
 
3. Disease prevention and treatment
 
Mushrooms and other edible mushrooms not only contain dietary fiber and vitamins and other nutrients, but also contain pharmaceutical ingredients. Among them: Shiitake mushrooms contain purine can lower cholesterol and blood pressure. Flammulina velutipes in the specific protein, can improve the heart function; Coriolus versicolor polysaccharide, dextran, cisofelan and so on are widely used in hospitals as anti-cancer immune agents.
 
The number of edible mushrooms that the 3. needs to take to maintain health
What is the number of edible mushrooms that need to be ingested every day to ensure that the active ingredients work? This is a question that everyone is concerned about. According to research, the average Japanese daily intake of edible fungi is about 10 grams. In fact, the weight of 60 kilograms of adults, daily intake of 20-100 grams of fresh edible fungi is the most scientific. 100 grams of edible fungi is not a lot, if you can eat three meals a day, it will be conducive to health and improve beauty.
 
In addition, the cholesterol-lowering purines of shiitake mushrooms, harvested after shiitake mushrooms, gradually decreased with increasing storage time. In order to exert its maximum effect, it is necessary to purchase it at the place of consumption closest to the origin and eat it when it is highly fresh. In addition, when cooking, it is necessary to pay attention to the problem that the active ingredients of edible fungi are easy to dissolve in water. You cannot put them in water for cleaning, but use a wet towel and fingers to clean the dirt. Unless you consider losing weight or want to take in specific ingredients of edible fungi, when preventing habitual diseases in daily life and improving health, you must pay attention not to overheat the cooking. It is usually more appropriate to put edible fungi in the end of steaming and frying. However, when making edible fungus soup and hot pot, because the nutrients of edible fungus have been integrated into the soup, it is ideal to leave the final soup to make risotto.
 
4. Summary
 
At present, many edible fungi are seen in supermarkets. Except for wild fungi such as matsutake, artificially cultivated edible fungi can be seen every day throughout the year, and there is no sense of season. In order to improve health and beauty, the consumption of edible fungi throughout the year will certainly contribute to good health and build a healthy society. With family and friends around the edible fungi on the dining table to have a pleasant conversation, even edible fungus researchers are happy. Edible mushrooms and pleasant topics can improve health. At present, Japan has put forward the slogan "don't you want to eat more edible fungi in your daily life", and is promoting and studying the activities of mushroom as a functional food to expand table consumption.
 
Source: Zhejiang, 2013. Qing Yuan "the first Chinese edible fungus health seminar" proceedings, Jiangkou Wenyang "Japanese mushroom and other edible fungus functional food development and utilization status quo", without the author's check.
 
Jiangkou Wenyang (Dr. Fumio EGUCHI): Professor and Doctoral Supervisor, School of Environmental Science, Tokyo Agricultural University. President of the Japan Society of Fungal Fungal, Director of the Japan Society of Used Pharmacology, Member of the Council of the Japan Society of Fungal Fungal.
 
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Exhibition introduction:
The "China Health and Nutrition Expo" (NHNE), sponsored by Sinopharm Reed Exhibition, is the largest professional exhibition of health nutrition and health products in China. Through two exhibitions a year (spring Shanghai, autumn tour), it has gathered tens of thousands of state-approved honest suppliers of blue hat health food and many new products and international health products, providing excellent brand promotion and product channel expansion services for domestic and foreign enterprises.
 
The 8th China Health and Nutrition Expo will be held on December 4-6, 2018 at the China Import and Export Fair Exhibition Hall (Guangzhou). The exhibition area is expected to exceed 40,000 square meters, bringing together 1000 product suppliers and professional service providers in the field of health and nutrition, as well as 100000 honest distributors, agents and terminal purchasers. It has become the best platform for merchants to find new products, exchange and learn, and master market information.
 
On December 4-6, 2018, multi brands gathered, Guangzhou held the 18th China International Health Expo and 2018 China (Guangzhou) Health Festival, the 8th China Health and Nutrition Expo, 2018 China Health and Nutrition raw materials/packaging/equipment Exhibition, International Natural Food and Beverage Expo.
 
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