What are the similarities and differences between functional foods, drugs and foods?
Many people do not have a deep understanding of functional food or health food. At first, I was also in a fog. I thought that functional food was not much different from the food I saw in peace. For example, bread is to solve the physiological need of hunger, while cola is to solve the need of thirst. Therefore, bread and cola are also functional foods.
Definition of functional food
With the development of the times and social progress, people's requirements for food are getting higher and higher, and the theme of food has also changed.
Early: meet the needs of hunger (focus on survival);
Now: meet health and safety needs (reduce toxic substances, increase beneficial ingredients, focus shift);
Future: meeting the need to reduce the risk of disease (increased functionality);
In fact, a long time ago, there was a specific definition of functional food in the world: it is internationally recognized that "functional food should meet the nutritional needs, promote the health of the body and reduce the risk of disease". It can be seen that functional foods have three requirements, and the highest level belongs to the third requirement, which is to reduce health risks.
2. Foreign History
Japan started the earliest for functional food. As early as the mid-1970s (Ministry of education, culture and culture), Japan put forward the concept of functional food based on the potential problems caused by aging. At that time, it focused on improving the physical health of the elderly in Japan, so as to alleviate the increasingly serious pressure of population aging in Japan.
With the shadow of World War II, the aging population in Europe dissipated, and the concept of functional food was put forward in the 1980 s. In the 1990 s, the United States began to legislate on functional food, thus legally determining the legal status of functional food.
3. The development of functional food in China
Functional food belonged to the Junior College of food medicine in the Western Zhou Dynasty. Generally speaking, it is to link food with medical health, and the term of dietotherapy is very close to the connotation of functional food. Diet therapy uses food to affect all aspects of the body's function, so that it can obtain health or disease prevention method. Food is an edible substance that provides the body with various nutrients needed for growth, development and healthy survival. In other words, food is the most important role of nutrition. In fact, Chinese medicine has long recognized that food can not only nutrition, but also cure diseases. For example, Zhang Xichun, a modern physician, once pointed out in "Medical Science in China and Shenxi Lu" that food "can not only cure the disease, but also satisfy the hunger.
So what are the similarities and differences between food, functional food and medicine?
Article 99 of the Food Safety Law defines "food" as follows: food refers to all kinds of finished products and raw materials for human consumption or drinking, as well as articles that are both food and medicine according to tradition, but do not include articles for the purpose of treatment.
②Functional food is what we usually say about health care products. Foods with the purpose of regulating physiological activities and promoting health have specific health care functions, that is, they are suitable for specific people to eat, have the function of regulating the body, and are not for the purpose of treating diseases. food. has the following characteristics:
(1) It is food, non-toxic and harmless, and meets the due nutritional requirements.
(2) has a specific health care function.
(3) It is developed for specific people who need to adjust a certain aspect of body function. There is no so-called "old and young salty" health food that has the same effect on everyone.
(4) not for the purpose of treatment, can not replace drugs.
Health food (Health Food) and functional food (Functional Food) in our country is actually no essential difference. There are two reasons:
① GB 16740-1997 "General Standard for Health (Functional) Foods" refers to the two as the same mandatory standard;
②From the definition of health food: State Food and Drug Administration Order No. 19 "Health Food Registration Management Measures (Trial)" "Article 2 The term" health food "as mentioned in these Measures refers to claims to have specific health functions or to supplement vitamins, Food for the purpose of minerals. That is, it is suitable for specific people to eat, has the function of regulating the body, does not aim at treating diseases, and does not produce any acute, subacute or chronic harm to the human body."
It can be seen that "having a specific health function" is a common feature of health (functional) foods. At present, there are 27 kinds of health functions claimed by health (functional) food in China, such as "improving immune function.
In fact, at this point, people seem to be paying more and more attention to their own health problems, and they also have extra energy and resources to invest in their own health. I hope everyone has a comprehensive understanding of functional foods and pays attention to their own life and health.
Source: Zhihu Network
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